Surrogacy is a process whereby a woman carries a child for another person. Following the birth of the child, a transfer of care and parentage occurs, such that the intended parents become the legal parents of the child.
Surrogacy is not required very often – it is almost always not useful in cases of failed IVF. Surrogacy is really only indicated medically when a woman does not have a uterus or has a uterus that cannot carry a pregnancy; or when a women has such a severe medical disorder that it is not safe for her to be pregnant. Very often, the intending mother can have eggs collected and fertilized with her partner’s sperm through IVF, with the resulting embryo implanted into the surrogate mother. In that way, the baby is the true genetic child of the intending parents.
Some males in same sex relationships also use surrogacy to have a child.
Mark and Genea do not undertake surrogacy when the surrogate is simply inseminated with the intended father’s sperm; this would involve the emotionally difficult process of a surrogate carrying a baby from her own eggs (rather than from the intending mother or an egg donor).
Surrogacy is a very complex process and NSW law has a number of requirements that must be adhered to, in the workup for surrogacy and in the treatment itself. In particular, it is illegal for commercial surrogacy to be facilitated or undertaken by residents of NSW.